The Greek people called this natural stone “marmaros” which meant “shining stone.” This is also the origin of “marmoreal” in the English language which means “marble-like.” Historic Greek sculptures and world-renowned architecture used marble extensively because of its stunning beauty.
The texture of marble varies from granular to compact, and is capable of taking a high polish. Marble slabs and tiles continue to be the popular choice for contemporary engineering and architectural designs with their unique vein patterns, luxurious tones and timeless grandeur.
Marble is formed from limestone through a process called metamorphism – a process involving extreme heat and pressure that changes the structure of rock. For this reason, the term “marble” also refers to metamorphic rocks.
Limestone contains significant amounts of calcite (also written as CaCO3 or calcium carbonate) or dolomite (also written as CaMg(CO3) or calcium magnesium carbonate), and other minerals including clay, graphite, iron oxides, mica and quartz. When these deposits are subjected to the extreme heat and enormous pressure of metamorphism, the calcites in limestone re-crystalize forming a huge mass of calcite crystals. As the intensity of metamorphism increases, the crystals grow larger and the minerals inside the marble eventually turn into more complex structures.
The color of marble depends on the mineral deposits present in limestone. If it was formed from limestone that contained more than 40% magnesium carbonate, this type of marble is classified as dolomite marble. If magnesium carbonate is less than 5%, then it is classified as calcite marble. Aragonite marble is very similar in composition to calcite marble except for its crystallization and density. Marble stones with between 5% and 40% magnesium carbonate content are classified as magnesium marble. The unique swirls and vein patterns in marble stones are actually the result of several mineral impurities such as clay, chert, iron oxides, sand and silt that had permeated the metamorphic rock as grains or layers.
Pure marble is pristine white. The mineral impurities in limestone result to marbles of astonishing colors and distinctive patterns. Marble tiles and slabs are available in blue, grey, black, green, yellow, beige, brown, pink, red, cream, white, and a whole array of hues and tones.
Marble has a scratch resistance or hardness of 3 as measured in the Moh’s scale of mineral hardness. Marble has around the same hardness as travertine, but relatively softer than granite or onyx. This makes marble a suitable material for sculpture, architectural panels, and other decorative furnishings.
Marble is durable, heat resistant and hygienic, which are some of the reasons why marble is a favored material for use in kitchens, table tops and food counters.
Marble can be polished to a glossy shine. Because they can be slippery for use on floors, high-gloss polished marble tiles are recommended for wall, backsplash and countertop projects instead. Honed marble and tumbled marble tiles are the best options for floor surfaces. Honed marble lends warmth and satin-like appearance to floors, and its matte finish prevents slipping accidents especially in areas that are often wet. Tumbled marble has a rougher finish and aged look that offers a more natural elegance. This characteristic makes it a harder material and a better option for floor surfaces that need to withstand wear and tear and high foot traffic.
Marble is greatly relied upon for residential and commercial application, including flooring installations, feature walls, showers and bathroom walls, vanities, tubs, countertops, tabletops, hallways, foyers and swimming pool deck. The aesthetic appeal of marble provides inspiration to plain interior and exterior areas. Interesting conversation pieces, geometric tile designs and beautiful works of art can be created using the varieties of this surface finishing material.
Marble is easy to clean, but its main component, calcium carbonate, is highly vulnerable to acid. Thus, marbles must be installed where they are not in constant interaction with acids and abrasives. Care and maintenance must be kept simple with mild soap and water, polishing and honing. Marble remarkably withstands the normal rain, heat and natural elements, and it endures age beautifully.
We are a reliable marble supplier, offering the largest collection of colors of marble from white to black, with every hue and color in between. Our premium quality marble products come from different countries around the world, including Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Middle East, Egypt, India and China. We offer our services to developers, architects, designers and contractors for residential and commercial projects. We also cater to homeowners who are building or renovating their own homes.
Breathtaking colors and patterns are shown in the samples below, which include Calacatta marble, Carrara marble, Volakas marble, and Crema Marfil marble, Emperador marble, Botticino marble, Cappuccino marble, Nero Marquina black marble and Thassos white marble among the top customers’ choice. It must be understood that these samples are only references to the approximate appearance of the various types of marble that we have. Every marble tile or slab, even those coming from the same stone sector, will be unique in its vein pattern and tonal quality. Sizes are available in 300mm x 300mm, 300mm x 600mm, 600mm x 600mm, 600mm x 1200mm, and we may also customize or cut the marble slab to your preferred size.
This symbol of prestige and elegant beauty that used to adorn majestic structures of Greece and Rome can now be brought to your homes and projects. And we have a full array of this material – view our extensive range of marble tiles!