Wood Ceramic Tiles is the ideal solution to have the warm look of real wood and the durability of tile for all residential and commercial projects!View More
Subway Ceramic Tiles the durable, trendy and yet timeless appeal for your kitchen backsplash, shower room, bathroom walls and floors applications!View More
A cost effective alternative to natural stone, Slate Ceramic Tiles with rich tonal ranges deliver the earthy look that resemble the nature ambiance!View More
Check out the most versatile Ceramic Mosaic Tiles for all your crafting needs! Various colors, shapes and finishes offer unlimited design options!View More
Egyptians way back in 4000 B.C. were the oldest known civilizations that used ceramic tiles to adorn their structures. Islamic architecture popularized the use of ceramic tiles as decorative tiles or wall covering, and the Chinese used mosaic ceramic tiles to depict images. Tiles were widely used to create drawings and murals, and portray various themes, such as geometric patterns and passages from the Koran. The word “ceramic” takes from “keramikos,” a Greek word which refers to pottery, and “cheros,” an Indo-European word which refers to heat. The word “tile” comes from “tuile,” French for roof tile slabs made from baked clay. These different terms actually refer to the material and process used to produce ceramic tiles – the shaping, heating and cooling of natural clay to produce a material that has durability, versatility and visual elegance. These are the same qualities that make them irreplaceable as a construction material.
In ancient times, clay was moulded by hand and dried under the sun or fired in a kiln at extremely high temperatures to produce the tiles. As architecture and cultures evolved, so did ceramic tiles as materials widely used in constructing buildings, residences and edifices. With the automation of the production process of ceramic tiles in the 20th century, massive manufacturing began in major cities around the world. Automation has simplified the manufacturing process but still involved generally the same steps of batching, mixing and grinding of clay and other raw materials, spray-drying, moulding, drying, glazing, and firing.
Ceramic tiles can be glazed or unglazed, porcelain or non-porcelain. Unglazed tiles, such as terra cotta, are often favoured for their distinct natural beauty. However, their unglazed state makes them highly porous and not as durable as the glazed types. The glaze treatment added to the process of producing glazed tiles improves durability and water-resistance, and determines the aesthetic character of the tiles. Porcelain tiles, on the other hand, are made from firing special types of clay and feldspar at extreme temperatures to produce vitreous, hard-wearing and highly impervious stoneware. They are recommended for exterior application because of this durability and resistance to the elements. The different types of ceramic tiles may also be categorized according to their moisture absorption quality or their wear rating as determined by the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI). PEI ratings range from PEI 1 to PEI 5 and describe the suitability of a particular tile to certain levels of foot traffic.
Ceramic tiles are generally suitable for indoor use, while certain types are specifically designed for both indoor and outdoor application. Because of their decorative and practical features, ceramic tiles are popular and often chosen over other surface materials. For many centuries until the present time, ceramic tiles have been favoured by constructors for the following qualities:
• Sustainability – it has been proven over time that ceramic tiles have longer-wear quality and better performance in terms of durability compared to wood, glass tiles and some other materials. Because they last long, ceramic tiles are highly cost-effective.
• Versatility – the applicability of ceramic tiles as surface covering includes floors and walls, with endless design possibilities for specific house features. Ceramic tiles can be created to achieve various effects and feel – the marble look, slate look, travertine look and wood look. They can be mass-produced and printed with realistic pixels, or custom-made and hand-crafted to a customer or designer’s specifications.
• Availability in various choices – ceramic tiles can be had in the widest array of colours, designs, effects, finishes, shapes, sizes and textures.
• Economical – ceramic tiles are cheaper than most surface materials used in construction, including marble, granite and other natural stones. They are light weight, too, which makes for easy installation. As mentioned earlier, they are cost-effective because their durability results to cheaper price over time.
• Easy maintenance – ceramic tiles don’t only save you money; they also save you time because they don’t require complicated maintenance procedures. Most homeowners prefer them because they’re very easy to clean. Stains, liquids, and the usual grime clean very easily.
• Safety and resistance to most accident-causing elements – ceramic tiles are fire-resistant. The added security provided by ceramic tiles against thermal shock, fire and chemical spills, make them ideal flooring and walling materials. If installed correctly, they are also moisture-resistant. Types that have less than 0.5% moisture absorptive quality are impervious to moisture. Ceramic floor tiles specifically designed for exterior use are often frost-resistant, too.
Some tiles are made with special features making tiles more desirable for flooring in homes and public buildings. These special properties may include - non-slip, anti-stain, interlocking feature, anti-frost, tolerance to chemicals, and resistance to thermal shock. Tiles may also be designed to resist bending at certain load levels or resist wear at especially intense foot traffic.
The mentioned qualities of ceramic tiles contribute to a wide range of applications. The various looks available meet requirements for different surface finishing needs. For instance, wood look ceramic tiles make a room cosy and warm, while travertine look ceramic tiles bring in opulence and classic inspiration. The sheer elegance exuded by natural stones on floors and walls comes at a high cost, but ceramic tiles allow a similar experience of luxury without the high cost associated with natural stones. Almost any style, whether rustic or modern, can be achieved with the various solutions offered by ceramic tiles. Glazed ceramic and porcelain tiles are great choices for walls, countertops, kitchens and bathrooms. Mosaic tiles are popular materials for backsplashes, pools, shower floors and bathroom walls. When choosing tiles for flooring, strength and non-slip properties must be specified. This is the reason why porcelain tiles are recommended for kitchen floors. Terra Cotta is also a popular flooring option because of its authentic beauty; however, it needs to be regularly sealed because of its porosity. Ceramic tiles designed to look like travertine, marble or slate tiles are ideal for hallways, great rooms, living rooms and other places in homes, offices and public buildings where the effect of natural stones is desired.